PrerequisitesInstallationUseAnalysis stepsCode coverageExcluding projects from analysisAdvanced topicsKnown issues

# SonarScanner for .NET

The SonarScanner for .NET is the recommended way to launch an analysis for projects built using MSBuild or dotnet. It is the result of a collaboration between SonarSource and Microsoft.

SonarScanner for .NET is distributed as a standalone command line executable, as an extension for Azure DevOps Server, and as a plugin for Jenkins.

It supports .NET Core on every platform (Windows, macOS, Linux).

## Installation

### Standalone executable

• Expand the downloaded file into the directory of your choice. We'll refer to it as <INSTALL_DIRECTORY> in the next steps.
• On Windows, you might need to unblock the ZIP file first (right-click file > Properties > Unblock).
• On Linux/OSX you may need to set execute permissions on the files in <INSTALL_DIRECTORY>/sonar-scanner-(version)/bin.
• Uncomment, and update the global settings to point to your SonarQube server by editing <INSTALL_DIRECTORY>/SonarQube.Analysis.xml. Values set in this file will be applied to all analyses of all projects unless overwritten locally.
• Add <INSTALL_DIRECTORY> to your PATH environment variable.

### .NET Core global tool

The --version argument is optional. If it is omitted the latest version will be installed. The full list of releases is available on the NuGet page.

.NET Core Global Tool is available from .NET Core 2.1+.

### On Linux/OSX, if your SonarQube server is secured

1. Copy the server's CA certs to /usr/local/share/ca-certificates
2. Run sudo update-ca-certificates

## Use

There are two versions of the SonarScanner for .NET. In the following commands, you need to pass an authentication token using the sonar.login property. Any project file accepted by MSBuild.exe or dotnet can be used, for example .sln.proj.csproj, or .vbproj.

### "Classic" .NET framework invocation

The first version is based on the "classic" .NET Framework. To use it, execute the following commands from the root folder of your project:

Note: On macOS or Linux, you can also use mono <path to SonarScanner.MSBuild.exe>.

### .NET Core and .NET Core global tool invocation

The second version is based on .NET Core which has a very similar usage:

The .NET Core version can also be used as a .NET Core Global Tool. After installing the Scanner as a global tool as described above it can be invoked as follows:

The .NET Core version can also be used as a .NET Core Global Tool. After installing the Scanner as a global tool as described above it can be invoked as follows:

 Scanner Flavor Invocation .NET 5 dotnet  etc. .NET Core Global Tool dotnet sonarscanner begin etc. .NET Core 2.0+ dotnet  etc. .NET Framework 4.6+ SonarScanner.MSBuild.exe begin etc.

Notes:

• The .NET Core version of the scanner does not support TFS XAML builds and automatic finding/conversion of Code Coverage files. Apart from that, all versions of the Scanner have the same capabilities and command line arguments.

## Analysis steps

### Begin

The begin step is executed when you add the begin command line argument. It hooks into the build pipeline, downloads SonarQube quality profiles and settings, and prepares your project for analysis.

Command Line Parameters:

 Parameter Description /k: [required] Specifies the key of the analyzed project in SonarQube /n: [optional] Specifies the name of the analyzed project in SonarQube. Adding this argument will overwrite the project name in SonarQube if it already exists. /v: [recommended] Specifies the version of your project. /d:sonar.login= [recommended] Specifies the authentication token used to authenticate with to SonarQube. If this argument is added to the begin step, it must also be added to the end step. /d:sonar.clientcert.path= [optional] Specifies the path to a client certificate used to access SonarQube. The certificate must be password protected. /d:sonar.clientcert.password= [optional] Specifies the password for the client certificate used to access SonarQube. Required if a client certificate is used. /d:sonar.verbose=true [optional] Sets the logging verbosity to detailed. Add this argument before sending logs for troubleshooting. /d:sonar.dotnet.excludeTestProjects=true [optional] Excludes Test Projects from analysis. Add this argument to improve build performance when issues should not be detected in Test Projects. /d:= [optional] Specifies an additional SonarQube analysis parameter, you can add this argument multiple times. /s: [optional] Overrides the \$install_directory/SonarQube.Analysis.xml. You need to give the absolute path to the file.

For detailed information about all available parameters, see analysis parameters.

### Build

Between the begin and end steps, you need to build your project, execute tests and generate code coverage data. This part is specific to your needs and it is not detailed here. See .NET test coverage for details.

### End

The end step is executed when you add the "end" command line argument. It cleans the MSBuild/dotnet build hooks, collects the analysis data generated by the build, the test results, the code coverage and then uploads everything to SonarQube

There are only two additional arguments that are allowed for the end step:

 Parameter Description /d:sonar.login= This argument is required if it was added to the begin step. /d:sonar.clientcert.password= This argument is required if it was added to the begin step. Specifies the password for the client certificate used to access SonarQube.

### Known limitations

• MSBuild versions older than 14 are not supported.
• Web Application projects are supported. Legacy Web Site projects are not.
• Projects targeting multiple frameworks and using preprocessor directives could have slightly inaccurate metrics (lines of code, complexity, etc.) because the metrics are calculated only from the first of the built targets.

## Code coverage

See .NET test coverage for details.

## Excluding projects from analysis

Some project types, such as Microsoft Fakes, are automatically excluded from analysis. To manually exclude a different type of project from the analysis, place the following in its .xxproj file.

Analyzing MSBuild 12 projects with MSBuild 14
The Sonar Scanner for .NET requires your project to be built with MSBuild 14.0. We recommend installing Visual Studio 2015 update 3 or later on the analysis machine in order to benefit from the integration and features provided with the Visual Studio ecosystem (VSTest, MSTest unit tests, etc.).

Projects targeting older versions of the .NET Framework can be built using MSBuild 14.0 by setting the "TargetFrameworkVersion" MSBuild property as documented by Microsoft:

For example, if you want to build a .NET 3.5 project, but you are using a newer MSBuild version:

If you do not want to switch your production build to MSBuild 14.0, you can set up a separate build dedicated to the SonarQube analysis.

Detection of test projects

You can read a full description of that subject on our wiki here.

Per-project analysis parameters Some analysis parameters can be set for a single MSBuild project by adding them to its .csproj file.

Analyzing languages other than C# and VB

For newer SDK-style projects (used by .NET Core, .NET 5, and later), the SonarScanner for .NET will analyze all file types that are supported by the available language plugins unless explicitly excluded.

For older-style projects, the scanner will only analyze files that are listed in the .csproj or .vbproj project file. Normally this means that only C# and VB files will be analyzed. To enable the analysis of other types of files, include them in the project file.

More specifically, any files included by an element of one of the ItemTypes in this list will be analyzed automatically. For example, the following line in your .csproj or .vbproj file

will enable the analysis of all JS files in the directory foo\bar because Content is one of the ItemTypes whose includes are automatically analyzed.

You can also add ItemTypes to the default list by following these directions.

You can check which files the scanner will analyze by looking in the file .sonarqube\out\sonar-project.properties after MSBuild has finished.

Using SonarScanner for .NET with a proxy
On build machines that connect to the Internet through a proxy server you might experience difficulties connecting to SonarQube. To instruct the Java VM to use the system proxy settings, you need to set the following environment variable before running the SonarScanner for .NET:

To instruct the Java VM to use specific proxy settings or when there is no system-wide configuration use the following value:

Where yourProxyHost and yourProxyPort are the hostname and the port of your proxy server. There are additional proxy settings for HTTPS, authentication and exclusions that could be passed to the Java VM. For more information see the following article: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/technotes/guides/net/proxies.html.

You also need to set the appropriate proxy environment variables used by .NET. HTTP_PROXYHTTPS_PROXYALL_PROXY, and NO_PROXY are all supported. You can find more details here.

## Known issues

I have multiple builds in the same pipeline, each of them getting analyzed even if the Run Code Analysis has already been executed

We don't uninstall the global ImportBefore targets to support concurrent analyses on the same machine. The main effect is that if you build a solution where a .sonarqube folder is located nearby, then the sonar-dotnet analyzer will be executed along your build task.

To avoid that, you can disable the targets file by adding a build parameter: