Prerequisites and Overview

Prerequisite

The only prerequisite for running SonarQube is to have Java (Oracle JRE 8 or OpenJDK 8) installed on your machine.

Note: On Mac OS X it is highly recommended to install Oracle JDK 8 instead of the corresponding Oracle JRE since the JRE installation does not fully set up your Java environment properly. See this post for more information.

Hardware Requirements

  1. A small-scale (individual or small team) instance of the SonarQube server requires at least 2GB of RAM to run efficiently and 1GB of free RAM for the OS. If you are installing an instance for a large teams or Enterprise, please consider the additional recommendations below.
  2. The amount of disk space you need will depend on how much code you analyze with SonarQube. As an example, SonarCloud the public instance of SonarQube, has more than 350 million lines of code under analysis with 5 years of history. SonarCloud is currently running on clustered Amazon EC2 m5.large instances with allocations of 50 Gb of drive space per node. It handles 19,000+ projects with roughly 14M open issues. SonarCloud runs on PostgreSQL 9.5 and it is using about 250Gb of disk space for the database.
  3. SonarQube must be installed on hard drives that have excellent read & write performance. Most importantly, the "data" folder houses the Elasticsearch indices on which a huge amount of I/O will be done when the server is up and running. Great read & write hard drive performance will therefore have a great impact on the overall SonarQube server performance.

Enterprise Hardware Recommendations

For large teams or Enterprise-scale installations of SonarQube, additional hardware is required. At the Enterprise level, monitoring your SonarQube instance/instance-administration/java-process-memory is essential and should guide further hardware upgrades as your instance grows. A starting configuration should include at least:

  • 8 cores, to allow the main SonarQube platform to run with multiple Compute Engine workers
  • 16GB of RAM For additional requirements and recommendations relating to database and ElasticSearch, see Hardware Recommendations/requirements/hardware-recommendations.

Supported Platforms

Java

The SonarQube Java analyzer is able to analyze any kind of Java source files regardless of the version of Java they comply to. But SonarQube analysis and the SonarQube Server require specific versions of the JVM.

We recommend using the Critical Path Update (CPU) releases.

Java
Oracle JRE 9
8
7
Open JDK 9
8
7
IBM JRE
GCJ
Oracle JRockit
Database
PostgreSQL 9.3 - 9.6
10
Must be configured to use UTF-8 charset
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 (MSSQL Server 11.0)
2014 (MSSQL Server 12.0) with bundled Microsoft JDBC driver. Express Edition is supported.
2016 (MSSQL Server 13.0) with bundled Microsoft JDBC driver. Express Edition is supported.
Collation must be case-sensitive (CS) and accent-sensitive (AS) (example: Latin1 General CS_AS)
READ COMMITTED SNAPSHOT must be set on the SonarQube database to avoid potential deadlocks under heavy load
Both Windows authentication (“Integrated Security”) and SQL Server authentication are supported. See the Microsoft SQL Server section in Installing/installation/installing-the-server page for instructions on configuring authentication.
Oracle 10G
11G with Oracle 11.2.x drivers
12C with Oracle 12.2.x drivers
XE Editions are supported
Must be configured to use a UTF8-family charset (see NLS_CHARACTERSET)
The driver ojdbc14.jar is not supported
Only the thin mode is supported, not OCI
MySQL Not recommended for large instances
5.6
5.7
Must be configured to use UTF8 charset and a case-sensitive (CS) collation
Only InnoDB storage engine is supported, but not MyISAM
Only the bundled mysql-connector-java jar is supported

Web Browser

To get the full experience SonarQube has to offer, you must enable JavaScript in your browser.

Microsoft Internet Explorer IE 9
IE 10
IE 11
Microsoft Edge Latest
Mozilla Firefox Latest
Google Chrome Latest
Opera Not tested
Safari Latest

Platform notes

Linux

If you're running on Linux, you must ensure that:

  • vm.max_map_count is greater or equals to 262144
  • fs.file-max is greater or equals to 65536
  • the user running SonarQube can open at least 65536 file descriptors
  • the user running SonarQube can open at least 2048 threads

You can see the values with the following commands:

sysctl vm.max_map_count
sysctl fs.file-max
ulimit -n
ulimit -u

You can set them dynamically for the current session by running the following commands as root:

sysctl -w vm.max_map_count=262144
sysctl -w fs.file-max=65536
ulimit -n 65536
ulimit -u 2048

To set these values more permanently, you must update either /etc/sysctl.d/99-sonarqube.conf (or /etc/sysctl.conf as you wish) to reflect these values.

If the user running SonarQube (sonarqube in this example) does not have the permission to have at least 65536 open descriptors, you must insert this line in /etc/security/limits.d/99-sonarqube.conf (or /etc/security/limits.conf as you wish):

sonarqube   -   nofile   65536
sonarqube   -   nproc    2048

You can get more detail in the Elasticsearch documentation.

If you are using systemd to start SonarQube, you must specify those limits inside your unit file in the section [service] :

[Service]
...
LimitNOFILE=65536
LimitNPROC=2048
...

seccomp filter

By default, Elasticsearch uses seccomp filter. On most distribution this feature is activated in the kernel, however on distributions like Red Hat Linux 6 this feature is deactivated. If you are using a distribution without this feature and you cannot upgrade to a newer version with seccomp activated, you have to explicitly deactivate this security layer by updating sonar.search.javaAdditionalOpts in $SONARQUBEHOME/conf/sonar.properties_:

sonar.search.javaAdditionalOpts=-Dbootstrap.system_call_filter=false

You can check if seccomp is available on your kernel with:

$ grep SECCOMP /boot/config-$(uname -r)

If your kernel has seccomp, you will see:

CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER=y
CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER=y
CONFIG_SECCOMP=y

For more detail, see the Elasticsearch documentation.