Operating the server
Running SonarQube as a service on Windows
Install or uninstall SonarQube as a service
Start or stop the service
By default, the service will use the Java executable available on the Windows PATH. This setting can be changed by setting the environmental variable SONARJAVAPATH. See more in Adjusting the Java installation.
> %SONARQUBE_HOME%\bin\windows-x86-64\SonarService.bat stop does a graceful shutdown where no new analysis report processing can start, but the tasks in progress are allowed to finish. The time a stop will take depends on the processing time of the tasks in progress. You'll need to kill all SonarQube processes manually to force a stop.
Check if the SonarQube service is running:
Running SonarQube manually on Linux
Start or stop the instance
Stop does a graceful shutdown where no new analysis report processing can start, but the tasks in progress are allowed to finish. The time a stop will take depends on the processing time of the tasks in progress. Use force stop for a hard stop.
Running SonarQube as a service on Linux with SystemD
On a Unix system using SystemD, you can install SonarQube as a service. You cannot run SonarQube as root in Unix systems. Ideally, you will have created a new account dedicated to the purpose of running SonarQube. Let's suppose:
- The user used to start the service is
- The group used to start the service is
- The Java Virtual Machine is installed in
- SonarQube has been unzipped into
Then create the file
/etc/systemd/system/sonarqube.service based on the following:
- Because the sonar-application jar name ends with the version of SonarQube, you will need to adjust the
ExecStartcommand accordingly on install and at each upgrade.
- All SonarQube directories should be owned by the
sonarqube.service file is created and properly configured, run:
Running SonarQube as a service on Linux with initd
The following has been tested on Ubuntu 20.04 and CentOS 6.2.
You cannot run SonarQube as
root in 'nix systems. Ideally, you will have created a new account dedicated to the purpose of running SonarQube. Let's suppose the user used to start the service is
sonarqube. Then create the file
/etc/init.d/sonar based on the following:
Register SonarQube at boot time (RedHat, CentOS, 64 bit):
Register SonarQube at boot time (Ubuntu, 64 bit):
Once registration is done, run:
Securing the server behind a proxy
This section helps you configure the SonarQube Server if you want to run it behind a proxy. This can be done for security concerns or to consolidate multiple disparate applications. To run the SonarQube server over HTTPS, see the HTTPS Configuration section below.
For security reasons, we recommend only giving external access to the main port.
Using an Apache Proxy
We assume that you've already installed Apache 2 with module mod_proxy, that SonarQube is running and available on
http://private_sonar_host:sonar_port/, and that you want to configure a Virtual Host for
At this point, edit the HTTPd configuration file for the
www.public_sonar.com virtual host. Include the following to expose SonarQube via
mod_proxy at http://www.public_sonar.com/
Apache configuration is going to vary based on your own application's requirements and the way you intend to expose SonarQube to the outside world. If you need more details about Apache HTTPd and mod_proxy, please see http://httpd.apache.org.
We assume that you've already installed Nginx, that you are using a Virtual Host for
www.somecompany.com and that SonarQube is running and available on
At this point, edit the Nginx configuration file. Include the following to expose SonarQube at
Nginx configuration will vary based on your own application's requirements and the way you intend to expose SonarQube to the outside world. If you need more details about Nginx, please see https://www.nginx.com/resources/admin-guide/reverse-proxy/.
Note that you may need to increase the max URL length since SonarQube requests can have URLs longer than 2048.
Using IIS on Windows
Using IIS on Windows, you can create a website that acts as a reverse proxy and access your SonarQube instance over SSL.
The setup described here is not appropriate for SAML through IIS.
For help with IIS and SAML Authentication, please review this Community guide for additional steps.
- Internet Information Services (IIS) enabled. In the following example, IIS is enabled on the same machine as the SonarQube instance.
- The Url Rewrite extension for IIS
- The Application Based Routing extension for IIS
- A self-signed SSL certificate, or a real one
To make sure the extensions are enabled, restart your IIS Manager after you install them.
Creating an IIS website
- In the IIS Manager, select Your machine > Sites > Add Website...
- Under Site name, enter a name for your website.
- Under Content Directory > Physical path, select a physical path for your website’s folder. Based on the default IIS website, we recommend creating a
%SystemDrive%\inetpub\wwwroot_sonarqubefolder and using it as a physical path.
- In Binding, select Type > https.
- Under SSL certificate, select an SSL certificate.
- Click OK.
Using your IIS website as a reverse proxy
Once you’ve created your website using the IIS Manager, you can use the URL Rewrite extension to use that website as a reverse proxy.
- From the IIS Manager home page, select your website and open URL Rewrite.
- Click Add Rule(s) to create a new rule.
- Select Reverse Proxy from the list of templates.
- Enter the destination server URL. It can be http://localhost:9000 or a remote server.
- Click OK to create the rule.
The URL Rewrite page now displays a reverse proxy inbound rule.
Adding the X_FORWARDED_PROTO server variable
Using the URL Rewrite module, you can create a server variable to handle the
X-Forwarded-Proto header and pass it to SonarQube. See the HTTPS Configuration section on this page for more information on that server variable.
From the URL Rewrite page:
- Click View Server Variables. This opens the Allowed Server Variables page.
- To add a server variable, click Add..., enter
X_FORWARDED_PROTOin the field and click OK. The server variable is now displayed on the Allowed Server Variables page.
- Click Back to Rules to go to the URL Rewrite rules list.
- Select the reverse proxy inbound rule for your website. Under Inbound Rules, click Edit.
- Expand the Server variables section of the rule definition.
- Add the
X_FORWARDED_PROTOserver variable and give it the value https.
- Apply the changes.
SonarQube can now be accessed over SSL.
Checking that the connection is enabled
With your SonarQube instance and your IIS website running, open the IIS Manager and click the link under Your website > Browse Website > Browse, or enter the website’s URL in a browser. You should see the login or home page of your SonarQube instance.
You can configure your SonarQube instance to only accept traffic from your reverse proxy, by adding the following line to the
Another option is to use the Windows Firewall to only accept traffic from localhost.
The setup described here is inspired by this Configure SSL for SonarQube on Windows blog post.
Forward SonarQube custom headers
SonarQube adds custom HTTP headers. The reverse proxy should be configured to forward the following headers:
This header is added to a web service response when using tokens to authenticate. Forwarding this header is not required for the SonarQube features to work properly.
This header is used to verify the integrity of the plugins downloaded by the scanner. You must forward this header to successfully execute analyses that use plugins.
Secure your network
To further lock down the communication in between the reverse proxy and SonarQube, you can define the following network rules:
You can further segment your network configuration if you specify a frontend network and keep Elasticsearch restricted to the loopback NiC.
|Frontend||Frontend HTTP Network||0.0.0.0|
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