This page gives guidelines to I18n for:
- Plugin developers who would like to apply the i18n mechanism in their own plugin, so that this plugin can be available in several languages
- People who would like to help the community by making the platform available in a new language
Although the basics of the i18n mechanism are the same for every part of the ecosystem, the packaging differs depending on what you are developing:
- Translations for the SonarQube Platform: making the SonarQube Platform available in a new language requires you to develop and publish a new Language Pack plugin.
- By default SonarQube embeds the English Pack.
- All other Language Pack plugins (like the French Pack plugin) are hosted in the Plugins Forge, are maintained by the community, and are available through Update Center (category "Localization").
- Translations for the SonarQube Community Plugins: open-source plugins from the SonarQube Community (hosted in the Plugins Forge) must embed only the bundles for the default locale (en). Translations will be done in the Language Pack plugins.
- Translations for other Plugins: closed-source/commercial/independent plugins must embed the bundles for the default locale and the translations for every language they want to support.
To sum up
- SonarQube Platform and SonarQube Community Plugins rely on Language Pack plugins for translations
- Other independent SonarQube plugins must themselves embed all the translations they need
Localized messages are stored in properties files:
- These are regular properties files with key/value pairs where you put most translations
- These files must be stored in the
org.sonar.l10npackage (usually in the src/main/resources/org/sonar/l10n directory)
- The names of these files must follow the convention "<key of the plugin to translate>_<language>.properties", for example "technicaldebt_fr.properties" or "core_fr.properties". See sonar-packaging-maven-plugin for details on plugin key derivation.
Messages can accept arguments. Such entries would look like:
In the Java API, properties files are supposed to be encoded in ISO-8859 charset. Without good tooling, it can be quite annoying to write translations for languages that do not fit in this charset.
This is why we decided to encode the properties files in UTF-8, and let Maven turn them into ASCII at build time thanks to native2ascii-maven-plugin (check the French plugin pom.xml). This makes the process of writing translations with a standard editor far easier.
Naming conventions for keys
Here is what you need to know about conventions for keys:
Name of notification channel
Subscription to notification channel
Description of rule parameter
|Dashboard name, since 2.14.|
|Qualifier name, since 2.13.|
|Name of widget property|
|Description of widget property|
|Name of item of dropdown list|
Any other widget message
Page names shown in the left sidebar
Any other keys used in a page
Category name of properties, since 2.11
|Short description of category of properties, since 3.6|
|Subcategory name of properties, since 3.6|
|Short description of subcategory of properties, since 3.6|
Property name, since 2.11
Property description, since 2.11
Any other keys used by plugin
How to use localized messages?
org.sonar.api.i18n.I18n is available for web server extensions. Scanner extensions can not load bundles.
Writing a Language Pack
A Language Pack defines bundles for SonarQube and/or plugins.
Creating a Language Pack
The easiest way to create a new pack is to copy the French Pack and adapt it to your language.
Maintaining a Language Pack
In the pom file, set the versions of the plugins you want to translate:
When it's time to update your language pack for a new version of SonarQube or a plugin, the easiest way to see what keys are missing is to run:
If the build fails, it means that some keys are missing. Go to target/l10n to check the reports for each bundle.
Missing keys are listed under 'Missing translations are:'
Each time you add a new bundle or update an existing one, please create a JIRA ticket on the corresponding L10n component in order to track changes.
Localizing a Plugin
This section applies if you are developing a closed-source plugin, or an open-source plugin that is not part of the SonarSonarQube Community Plugins forge.
If your plugin falls in this category, it must embed its own bundles. Bundle must be defined in src/main/resources/org/sonar/l10n/<plugin key>_<language>.properties
The default bundle is mandatory, and must be English. For example the plugin with key "mysonarplugin" must define the following files in order to enable the French translation: