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Parameters to configure project analysis can be set in multiple places. Here is the hierarchy of parameters:

  • Global analysis parameters, defined in the UI, apply to all the projects (From the top bar, go to Settings > General Settings)
  • Project analysis parameters, defined in the UI, override global parameters (At a project level, go to Configuration > Settings)
  • Project analysis parameters, defined in a project analysis configuration file or an analyzer configuration file, override the ones defined in the UI
  • Analysis / Command line parameters, defined when launching an analysis, override project analysis parameters

Note that only parameters set through the UI are stored in the database.
For example, if you override the sonar.exclusions parameter via command line for a specific project, it will not be stored in the database. Local analyses in Eclipse, for example, would still be executed with the exclusions defined in the UI and therefore stored in the DB.

Note that the list of parameters below is not exhaustive. The property keys shown in the interface, at both global and project levels, can also be set as analysis parameters.

Mandatory Parameters

Server

Key

Description

Default value

sonar.host.urlServer URLhttp://localhost:9000

Project Configuration

Key

Description

Default value

sonar.projectKey

The project key that is unique for each project. 
Allowed characters are: letters, numbers, '-', '_', '.' and ':', with at least one non-digit. 

When using Maven, it is automatically set to <groupId>:<artifactId>.

 
sonar.projectName

Name of the project that will be displayed on the web interface.
Set through <name> when using Maven.

 
sonar.projectVersion
The project version.
Set through <version> when using Maven.
 
sonar.sources

Comma-separated paths to directories containing source files.
Compatible with Maven. If not set, the source code is retrieved from the default Maven source code location. 

 

Optional Parameters

Authentication

If Anyone does not have permission to perform analyses, you'll need to supply the credentials of a user with Execute Analysis permission for the analysis to run under.

KeyDescriptionDefault value
sonar.loginThe login or authentication token of a SonarQube user with Execute Analysis permission. 
sonar.passwordThe password that goes with the sonar.login username. This should be left blank if an authentication token is being used. 

Web Services

KeyDescriptionDefault value
sonar.ws.timeoutMaximum time to wait for the response of a Web Service call (in seconds) 60

Project Configuration

Key

Description

Default value

sonar.projectDescription

The project description.
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the <description> attribute.

 
sonar.links.homepageProject home page
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the 
<url> attribute.
 

sonar.links.ci

Continuous integration
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the 
<ciManagement><url> attribute.
 
sonar.links.issueIssue tracker
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the 
<issueManagement><url> attribute.
 
sonar.links.scmProject sources
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the 
<scm><url> attribute.
 
sonar.links.scm_devDeveloper connection
Not compatible with Maven, which uses the 
<scm><developerConnection> attribute.
 
sonar.tests

Comma-separated paths to directories containing tests.
Not compatible with Maven, which retrieves test from the default location for Java Maven projects.  

 

sonar.language

Set the language of the source code to analyze. Browse the Plugin Library page to get the list of all available languages. If not set, a multi-language analysis will be triggered.

 

sonar.sourceEncoding

Set the source file encoding.

Encoding of source files. Example of values: UTF-8, MacRoman, Shift_JIS. This property can be replaced by the standard property project.build.sourceEncoding in Maven projects.

The list of available encodings depends on your JVM. See http://docs.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/intl/encoding.doc.html (column : Canonical Name for java.nio API)

System encoding

sonar.projectDate

Assign a date to the analysis.

Note: This parameter is applicable to a few, special use cases, rather than being an "every day" parameter:

  • When analyzing a new project, you may want to retroactively create some history for the project in order to get some information on quality trends over the last few versions.
  • When moving from one database engine to another, it is highly recommended (even mandatory) to start from a fresh new database schema. In doing so, you will lose the entire history for all your projects. Which is why you may want to feed the new SonarQube database with some historical data.

To answer those use cases, you can use the sonar.projectDate property. The format is yyyy-MM-dd, for example: 2010-12-01.

The process is the following:

  • Retrieve a the oldest version of your application's source that you wish to populate into the history (from a specific tag, whatever).
  • Run a SonarQube analysis on this project by setting the sonar.projectDate property. Example: sonar-scanner -Dsonar.projectDate=2010-12-01
  • Retrieve the next version of the source code of your application, update the sonar.projectDate property, and run another analysis. And so on for all the versions of your application you're interested in.
Since you cannot perform an analysis dated prior to the most recent one in the database, you must analyze your versions in chronological order, oldest first.
(warning)Note: You may need to adjust your housekeeping settings if you wish to create a long-running history.

Current date

 sonar.branch

Manage SCM branches. (warning) Two branches of the same project are considered to be different projects in SonarQube. As a consequence issues found in a project A in a branch B1 are not linked to issues found for this project A in a branch B2. Currently, there is no way to resolve automatically issues of B2 when they are resolved in B1 as again A-B1 & A-B2 are considered as separated project.

If you are a user of Developer Cockpit, please see "Limitation" section in the Developer Cockpit Installation and Usage

 

sonar.profile

This property is deprecated since SQ 4.5 LTS (see SONAR-5370 - Deprecate usage of "sonar.profile" as an analysis parameter CLOSED ) and should not be used.

Default profile for the given language

 

sonar.projectBaseDir

Use this property when you need analysis to take place in a directory other than the one from which it starts. E.G. analysis begins from jenkins/jobs/myjob/workspace but the files to be analyzed are in ftpdrop/cobol/project1. The path may be relative or absolute.

Specify not the the source directory, but some parent of the source directory. The value specified here becomes the new "analysis directory", and other paths are then specified as though the analysis were starting from the new sonar.projectBaseDir.

Note that the analysis process will need write permissions in this directory; it is where the sonar.working.directory will be created.

 
 sonar.working.directory

Set the working directory for an analysis triggered with the SonarQube Scanner or the SonarQube Ant Task (versions greater than 2.0).

Path must be relative and unique for each project.

Beware: the specified folder is deleted before each analysis.

.sonar
sonar.scm.provider
This property can be used to explicitly tell SonarQube which SCM plugin should be used to grab SCM data on the project (in case auto-detection does not work). The value of this property is always lowercase and depends on the plugin (ex. "tfvc" for the TFVC plugin). Check the documentation page of each plugin to know more. 
sonar.scm.forceReloadAllBy default, blame information is only retrieved for changed files. Set this property to true to load blame information for all files. This can be useful is you feel that some SCM data is outdated but SonarQube does not get the latest information from the SCM engine.false

Exclusions / Inclusions

See Narrowing the Focus to:

  • Exclude files from analysis
  • Prevent some files from being checked for duplications
  • Prevent some files from being taken into account for code coverage by unit tests and integration tests
  • Ignore issues on certain components and against certain coding rules 
KeyDescriptionDefault value
sonar.import_unknown_files
If set to true, all files are imported - with respect to inclusions and exclusions, even if there is no matching language plugin installed.
false

Analysis Logging

KeyDescriptionDefault value
sonar.log.level

Control the quantity / level of logs produced during an analysis.

DEBUG:
Display INFO logs + more details at DEBUG level.
Similar to sonar.verbose=true

TRACE:
Display DEBUG logs + all the SQL queries + their timings executed by the analyzer.
Similar to sonar.showProfiling=true

INFO
sonar.showProfiling

Deprecated since 5.1, replaced by sonar.log.level=TRACE | DEBUG

Display logs to see where the analyzer spends time.

This parameter is generating a file containing these timing infos in

<workingDir>/profiling/<moduleKey>-profiler.xml where <workingDir> is:
  • .sonar/profiling/ when analysis is run with Sonar Scanner
  • target/sonar/profiling/ when Maven is used 
false
sonar.verbose

Add more detail to both client and server-side analysis logs.

  • Activates DEBUG mode for the scanner. This is a shortcut of sonar.log.level=DEBUG.
  • Adds client-side environment variables and system properties to server-side log of analysis report processing.
    NOTE There is the potential for this setting to expose sensitive information such as passwords if they are stored as server-side environment variables.
false

Parameters specific to Preview analyses

Those parameters are listed here for completeness of this documentation page - but regular users should not have to worry about them because they mainly target integration use cases.

Key

Description

Default value

sonar.analysis.mode

Set to preview to get quick feedback about any issues that you might have introduced before pushing your modifications to the main code base.

 

sonar.useWsCache

Controls whether an "issues"-mode analysis should query the server every time (to get the project settings, the rule repositories, the project issues, ...) or if it should rely on a local cache to speed up analysis. This local cache is invalidated once per day.

false

sonar.report.export.path

Path to which a JSON file with all the issues found during analysis should be output. This path is relative to the working directory (see "sonar.working.directory"). By default, no file is generated.

 

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